Fidya and Kaffarah
If you don’t fast for any of the days during Ramadan, you are required to pay a charitable form of compensation.
If you’ve missed any fasts out of necessity and cannot make up the lost days afterwards, you’re required to pay Fidyah. Fidyah is made when someone is ill or of extreme age, cannot fast for the required number of days, and will not be able to make up the fast. In Ramadan, the Fidyah must be paid for each fast missed.
For fasts missed unnecessarily, you’ll need to pay kaffarah. Kaffarah is made when someone deliberately misses a fast or intentionally breaks their fast.
What is fidyah?
When someone cannot fast in Ramadan and can’t make up the lost days afterwards (for example, due to ill health or pregnancy), then they should pay as compensation for someone else to be fed. This is known as fidyah.
How much do I need to pay?
The present rate is £4 for each day that is missed (this should provide one person with two meals or two people with one meal.) If someone misses all the fasts of Ramadan, they would need to pay £120.
What is kaffarah?
Kaffarah is the compensation paid if you deliberately miss or break a fast in the month of Ramadan without a valid reason.
What is the required payment?
For the missed/intentionally broken fast, a person must fast continuously for 60 days. If they are unable to do that, then they have to feed 60 poor people at a rate of £4 per person (the cost of an average meal in the UK). This amounts to £240 kaffarah for each missed/intentionally broken fast.